Starting a Business in Philippines - Doing Business - World Bank Group

Alchemy Business Center

If you work from home, a Business Address Lease is a great way to boost your business and protect your privacy.

This instantly activates Mailing Address Only package allows the customer to use Alchemy's address as his mailing address and/or business address. Alchemy receives all mails addressed to the person and/or company listed in the accomplished form. Alchemy associates will notify the client via e-mail and SMS that mail has been received for them.

A subscriber can choose any of the following mail handling options:

· Have their mail documents opened and scanned for e-mail forwarding
· Have their mail stored for pick-up from Alchemy
· Have their mail forwarded to their preferred address, which will by default be the indicated PayPal address

For clients looking to use this package for Business Registration purposes, a minimum of 6 months term commitment is required. (For as low as P1500)
"The information appearing on this page was collected as part of the Doing Business project, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small- to medium-sized domestic business in 183 economies. The most recent round of data collection for the project was completed in June 2011."

Time to Complete
Associated Costs
Verify and reserve the company name with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) 

The availability of the proposed company name can be verified via the SEC's online verification system at no charge. Reservation of the name, once approved by the SEC, costs Php40/month for the first 30 days. The company name can be reserved for a maximum of 120 days for a fee of PHP 120, which is renewable upon expiration of the period.

1 day
PHP 40
Deposit paid-up capital in the Authorized Agent Bank (AAB) and obtain bank certificate of deposit 

The company is required by law to deposit paid-up capital amounting to at least 6.25% of the authorized capital stock of the corporation. This paid-up capital must not be less than PHP 5,000. Some banks in Manila charge a fee up to PHP 105 for each certificate of deposit.
1 day
no charge

Notarize articles of incorporation and treasurer's affidavit at the notary 

According to Section 14 and 15 of the Corporation Code, articles of incorporation should be notarized before filing with the SEC.
1 day
PHP 500
Register the company with the SEC and receive pre-registered Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) 

The company can register online through SEC i-Register but must pay on site at the SEC. The following documents are required for SEC registration:

a. Company name verification slip;
b. Articles of incorporation (notarized) and by-laws;
c. Treasurer's affidavit (notarized);
d. Statement of assets and liabilities;
e. Bank certificate of deposit of the paid-in capital;
f. Authority to verify the bank account;
g. Registration data sheet with particulars on directors, officers, stockholders, and so forth;
h. Written undertaking to comply with SEC reporting requirements (notarized);
i. Written undertaking to change corporate name (notarized).
The SEC Head Office issues pre-registered TINs only if the company’s application for registration has been approved. The company must still register with the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) in order to identify applicable tax types, pay an annual registration fee, obtain and stamp sales invoices, receipts and the books of accounts.
3 days
(PHP 1,667.99 filing fee equivalent to 1/5 of 1% of the authorized capital stock or the subscription price of the subscribed capital stock, whichever is higher but not less than PHP 1,000 + PHP 16.68 legal research fee (LRF) equivalent to 1% of filing fee but not less than PHP 10 + PHP 500 By-laws + PHP 150 for registration of stock and transfer book (STB) required for new corporations + PHP 320 STB + PHP 10 registration for SEC bulletin)
Obtain barangay clearance.

This clearance is obtained from the Barangay where the business is located, and is required to obtain the business permit from the city or municipality. Barangay fees vary for each Barangay since they have the discretion to impose their own fees and charges for as long ast these fees are reasonable and within the limits set by the Local Government Code and city ordinances.
The fee charged by the Barangay depends on the company's paid-up capital and the land area it occupies - a PHP 500 minimum plus PHP 300 for the Barangay clearance plate.
1 day
PHP 500
Pay the annual community tax and obtain the community tax certificate (CTC) from the City Treasurer's Office (CTO)

To obtain a Barangay clearance, a company must obtain a community tax certificate. The company is assessed a basic and an additional community tax. The basic community tax rate depends on whether the company legal form is a corporation, partnership, or association (PHP 500 or lower). The additional community tax (not to exceed Php 10,000.00) depends on the assessed value of real property the company owns in the Philippines at the rate of Php 2.00 for every Php 5,000.00 and on its gross receipts, including dividends or earnings, derived from business activities in the Philippines during the preceding year, at the rate of Php 2.00 for every Php 5,000.00. 
1 day
PHP 500
Obtain the business permit to operate from the BPLO 

The fees vary depending on the LGU issuing the permit. The rate of license fee imposed in Quezon City is 25% of 1% of the authorized capital stock. Other permits, such as locational clearance, fire safety and inspection certificate, sanitary permit, certificate of electrical inspection, mechanical permit, and other clearances or certificates required depending on the nature of business, are also imposable. The rate of these fees depends on the nature of business and land area occupied by the proposed corporation.

The barangay clearance is a prerequisite for the issuance of business permit to operate.

6 days
(PHP 2,084.98 business tax (25% of 1% of paid-up capital) + PHP 200 mayor’s permit + PHP 150 sanitary inspection fee + PHP 50 signboard fee + PHP 250 business plate + PHP 100 QCBRB + PHP 545 zoning clearance + PHP 1,300 garbage fee+ PHP 259.5 FSIC (10% of all regulatory fees))
Buy special books of account at bookstore

Special books of accounts are required for registering with the BIR. The books of accounts are sold at bookstores nationwide. One set of journals consisting of four books (cash receipts account, disbursements account, ledger, general journal) costs about PHP 400.

If the company has a computerized accounting system (CAS), it may opt to register its CAS under the procedures laid out in BIR Revenue Memorandum Order Nos. 21-2000 and 29-2002. The BIR Computerized System Evaluation Team is required to inspect and evaluate the company’s CAS within 30 days from receipt of the application form (BIR Form No. 1900) and complete documentary requirements. 
1 day
PHP 400
Apply for Certificate of Registration (COR) and TIN at the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) 

After the taxpayer obtains the TIN, the company must pay the annual registration fee of PHP 500 at any duly accredited bank, using payment form BIR Form 0605). To register the BIR taxpayer must first accomplish BIR Form 1903 and submit the same together with the required attachments to the Revenue District Office having jurisdiction over the registered address of the business establishment. Moreover, the BIR now requires the submission of the
Authority to Print Receipts (BIR Form 1906) as an additional requirement for registration.
Companies may be assessed various taxes: VAT, a community tax, a local tax, and income tax. When a company registers as a taxpayer, it must indicate in the application the types of taxes it expects to be liable for, including VAT.

2 days
PHP 100 (certification fee) and PHP 15 (documentary stamp tax, in loose form to be attached to Form 2303)
Pay the registration fee and documentary stamp taxes (DST) at the AAB

The rate of documentary stamp tax on original issuance of shares of stock shall be Php 1.00 for every Php 200.00 or fractional part thereof, of the par value, of such shares of stock.
The documentary stamp tax return shall be filed and the tax paid on or before the fifth (5th) day after the close of the month of approval of SEC registration. 
1 day
(PHP 500 registration fee + PHP 4,169.97 DST on original issuance of shares of stock. DST on the lease contract is not included in the computation of the cost)
Obtain the authority to print receipts and invoices from the BIR

The authority to print receipts and invoices must be secured before the sales receipts and invoices may be printed. The company can ask any authorized printing company to print its official forms, or it can print its own forms (i.e., it uses its computers to print loose-leaf invoice forms) after obtaining a permit from BIR for this purpose. To obtain the authority to print receipts and invoices from the BIR, the company must submit the following documents to the Revenue District Office (RDO):

a. Duly completed application for authority to print receipts and invoices (BIR Form No. 1906);
b. Job order;
c. Final and clear sample of receipts and invoices (machine-printed);
d. Application for registration (BIR Form No. 1903); and
e. Proof of payment of annual registration fee (BIR Form No. 0605).
1 day
no charge
Print receipts and invoices at the print shops

The cost is based on the following specifications of the official receipt: 1/2 bond paper (8 ½ x 5 ½ cm) in duplicate, black print, carbonless. The minimum print volume is 25 booklets. 
7 days
PHP 3,500
Have books of accounts and Printer’s Certificate of Delivery (PCD) stamped by the BIR

After the printing of receipts and invoices, the printer issues a Printer’s Certificate of Delivery of Receipts and Invoices (PCD) to the company, which must submit this to the appropriate BIR RDO (i.e., the RDO which has jurisdiction over the company’s principal place of business) for registration and stamping within thirty (30) days from issuance. The company must also submit the following documents:

a. All required books of accounts;
b. VAT registration certificate;
c. SEC registration;
d. BIR Form W-5;
e. Certified photocopy of the ATP; and
f. Notarized taxpayer-user’s sworn statement enumerating the responsibilities and commitments of the taxpayer-user.

The company must also submit a copy of the PCD to the BIR RDO having jurisdiction over the printer’s principal place of business. 
1 day
no charge
Register with the Social Security System (SSS)

To register with the SSS, the company must submit the following documents:

  1. Employer registration form (Form R-1);
  2. Employment report (Form R-1A);
  3. List of employees, specifying their birth dates, positions, monthly salary and date of employment; and
  4. Articles of incorporation, by-laws and SEC registration.

Upon submission of the required documents, the SSS employer and employee numbers will be released. The employees may attend an SSS training seminar after registration. SSS prefers that all members go through such training so that each member is aware of their rights and obligations.
7 days
no charge
Register with the Philippine Health Insurance Company (PhilHealth)

To register with PhilHealth, the company must submit the following documents:

  1. Employer data record (Form ER1);
  2. Report of employee-members (Form ER2);
  3. SEC registration;
  4. BIR registration; and
  5. Copy of business permit.

Upon submission of the required documents, the company shall get the receiving copy of all the forms as proof of membership until PhilHealth releases the employer and employee numbers within three months.
1 day
no charge